To run Windows in a virtual machine on Mac, you need to install virtualization software. The two most popular solutions at the time of writing this article are VMware Fusion and VirtualBox. The former is proprietary software that costs $199 for the Pro version, while the latter is open-source and available for free. You can run the next-gen OS from Microsoft (Windows 10) on your Mac using virtualization for free, however. We took a quick run at doing just that, as originally sussed out by the fantastic folks.
Mac vs Windows. Windows vs Mac. Why choose if you can get the best of both worlds by dual booting? Install Windows on Mac so you can jump back and forth from one operating system to another on the same computer.
By now, the practice is well-established and Windows can work on Mac well. In this article, we’ll have a deep look at installing Windows on Mac. Don’t worry, we’ll have your back the whole way through!
Boot Camp for Mac vs virtualization software
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If you want to install Windows on your Mac, you have two options. You can either use Mac Boot Camp, a native feature of the macOS operating system, or you can use a third party virtualization program. Both methods have their own pros and cons, so let’s dive in.
Boot Camp is built into the operating system of all Macs. If you go to your Applications > Utilities folder, you’ll see the Boot Camp Assistant app. It makes the separate partition on your hard drive for installing and running Windows. Once Windows is installed in Boot Camp, every time you turn on your Mac, you will be asked to choose the operating system you want to run. This means that in order to switch from macOS to Windows, you need to reboot your computer.
- built into your operating system
- easy to use — Boot Camp Assistant guides you through the installation process
- puts less strain on your Mac’s memory and processing power
- completely free (not Windows of course)
- easy to update
- you need to reboot your computer to switch between the systems
- transferring data between operating systems isn’t easy
Virtualization programs are third-party applications that allow to install a separate operating system on one machine. They run like any other app on your Mac, so you can see the entire Windows desktop within a window on your computer.
Among the most popular virtualization programs are VirtualBox, Parallels, and VMware. Each one has its peculiarities, but we’ll try to sum up what they have in common.
- you can run both operating systems at the same time
- easy file integration between systems
- you need at least 8 GB of RAM for Mac to run smoothly
- virtualization apps are not cheap
- updates are not free
Depending on your specific needs, you can choose the option that works best for you. But we suggest using Boot Camp. It’s a free native feature of your operating system, running directly on your hardware. Therefore, it will be faster than any other method. And below, you’ll find all information on how to run Boot Camp on your Mac.
How to use Boot Camp: Preparing your Mac
1. Check the system requirements
Some versions of Windows require a certain processor and more hard drive space than the others. Therefore, you have to check the documentation that came with your copy of Windows to learn what you need.
You also need to make sure that your Mac is compatible with the version of Windows you want to install. For instance, Windows 10 is supported on these models:
- MacBook (2015 and later)
- MacBook Pro (2012 and later)
- MacBook Air (2012 and later)
- iMac (2012 and later)
- Mac Mini (2012 and later)
2. Clean up your hard drive
You need to have at least 55 GB of free disk space on your startup drive for installing Windows on a Mac. And if you don’t feel like spending the next several hours cleaning your Mac manually, you can use a powerful utility CleanMyMac X to find and remove all the junk from your startup disk.
CleanMyMac has everything to finish the 3-hour task of cleaning your hard drive in less than 5 minutes. It will scan every inch of your system and remove gigabytes of junk in two clicks. By the way, CleanMyMac finds about 75 GB of junk on average — more than enough for a smooth Windows installation.
Here’s how to clean your Mac with CleanMyMac X:
- Download CleanMyMac here.
- Run the app and click Scan.
- Click Run.
That’s it! Gigabytes of junk are gone from your computer forever.
3. Back up your Mac
Finally, you should also perform a backup of your Mac in case something goes wrong. Although, it happens very rarely, it’s always better to back up your important data. There are a few methods of backing up your Mac, so choose the most convenient one for you.
You can make automatic backups with Time Machine — software that comes with your Mac. It backs up all data, so you can recover individual files or your entire system from your backups. You may also store files in iCloud and access them whenever you need. iCloud comes with 5 GB of free storage but you can upgrade it any time. If you have an external storage device, you can copy some files and folders on it.
We do recommend you to back up your Mac before installing Windows as it minimizes the chance of losing important data.
How to Install Windows with Boot Camp
Here’s how to install Boot Camp. The installation can be a little time consuming, but it is by no means difficult. Check out the details below.
Step 1: Get a Windows disk image
First of all, you need to get the Windows disk image (ISO file) from the Microsoft website. Here’s how to download it:
- Visit the Windows 10 disk image download website.
- Go to the Select edition menu and choose Windows 10.
- Click Confirm.
- Choose the language of installation and click Confirm.
- Click 64-bit Download and then click Save.
The ISO file now will be downloaded to your Mac.
Step 2: Open Boot Camp Assistant
Boot Camp Assistant guides you through installing Windows on your Mac. You just have to follow the onscreen instructions. To launch the Boot Camp Assistant, go to Applications > Utilities folder. Click continue and Boot Camp for Mac will automatically locate the ISO file on your system.
Step 3: Create a partition for Windows
When you are done with the Assistant, your Mac restarts to the Windows installer. When you are asked where you want to install Windows, choose the BOOTCAMP partition and click Format.
*Note that this step is only required if you’re using a flash drive or optical drive to install Windows. In other cases, the right partition will be selected and formatted for you automatically.
Step 4: Install Windows
To finish the installation, you have to follow the onscreen instructions. Take a long breath — the next 12 steps may seem like climbing Everest, but it’s much easier than you think. Here’s how to install Windows on a Mac:
- Choose your ISO file and click the Install button.
- Type your Password and click OK. You will see the Windows Setup screen.
- Select your language.
- Click Install Now.
- Type your product key if you have it. Otherwise, click 'I don’t have a product key'.
- Select Windows 10 Pro or Windows Home and then click Next.
- Click Drive 0 Partition X: BOOTCAMP.
- Click Next. Windows 10 will be installed.
- When the Setup screen appears, click either Use Express Settings or Customize Your Installation. We recommend you to choose the Customize button and disable most, if not all of the switches.
- Then you’ll be asked to create an account. Type a username. You can also add a password if you want.
- Click Next.
- Choose whether you want to use the Cortana personal assistant or not. You can disable it by clicking Not Now button.
Windows will boot fully so you can use it normally.
On the Welcome to Boot Camp Installer box, click Next and accept the terms in the license agreement. Then click Install to proceed. When the installer completes, click Finish to reboot your machine.
Step 5: Restart your Mac
By default, your Mac will still boot to macOS. To access Windows, you have to turn your Mac off and then turn it on while holding the Option (Alt) key. You will be asked from which drive you’d like to boot.
Note that while in Windows, the Mac’s Command key functions as the Windows key, while the Option key functions as the Alt key. If you have a Touch Bar, you’ll see a complete set of buttons, similar to the Control Strip in macOS.
How to remove Windows from your Mac
If for some reasons you don’t need Windows anymore, you can permanently remove it from your Mac. Follow these steps:
- Boot into macOS, launch Boot Camp Assistant and click Continue.
- The Assistant will show the existing Windows partition. Select it.
- Click Restore when you see the Restore Disk to a Single Volume option.
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The Boot Camp Assistant will automatically remove Windows from your Mac.
Warning: All data, including software and files, stored on the Windows partition will be deleted, so make the backup copies first.
That may seem like a lot of steps, but it doesn’t take all that long to install Windows on a Mac. Now you can enjoy two operating systems and switch between them right when you need. Cheers!
The release of Windows 11, the newest operating system developed by Microsoft, was recently announced and the time of release is set for this fall. Among other information about the upcoming OS, it was also made clear that Windows 11 won’t be officially available for Mac computers. The reason for this is the requirement for TPM 2.0 support that a computer’s CPU would need to have in order to run Windows 11. Most Macs don’t have a TPM 2.0 chip on their CPUs, and even the ones that have it don’t have official support for it from Apple. What this basically means is that no Mac would officially be able to run the Windows 11 OS. However, if you really need to be able to install and use Windows 11 on your Mac once the OS is released, there might be a roundabout way to do so. In this post, we will tell you more about this roundabout way.
Requirements for Windows 11 on Mac
Before we get any further, we must first say that, while you may be able to circumvent the TPM 2.0 support requirement, your Mac should still need the other requirements that Windows 11 has. The most essential of them are:
- 4GB of RAM
- 64GB of free storage space
- A 64-bit processor with at least two cores and no less than 1GHz clock speed for each core
- GPU that supports DirectX 12
If any of those requirements are not met, not even the roundabout method we are about to show you will let you run Windows 11 on your Mac.
Also, another note we need to make is that if your Mac only meets the minimal requirements (the ones listed above) and doesn’t go beyond them, it’s probably better to not try to install Windows 11 on it because the computer’s performance almost certainly suffer from this, and you won’t be able to use the machine effectively.
How to install Windows 11 on Mac
Before you start, here are the things that you will need to make this work:
- A Mac that meets all of the Windows 11 requirements except the TPM 2.0 one.
- A Windows 11 ISO file
- A file maker app
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Creating a custom Windows 11 ISO file
Once you have everything in place, it is time to start:
- Right-click on the Windows 11 ISO file, select/hover the cursor over Open With, and from the submenu select the DiskImageMounter option.
- Copy everything from the install media contained in the ISO file, create a new folder on the Desktop, and place the copied files in it.
- Once the files have been copied into the new folder, right-click the Windows 11 ISO file and select the Eject option.
- Now, in the same way, open the Windows 10 ISO file, and go to the Sources folder.
- Copy the install.wim file and paste it onto your Desktop.
- Close the DiskImageMounter window, right-click the Windows 10 ISO file, and select Eject.
- Right-click on the install.wim file that you copied onto your Desktop and select Get Info.
- Go to Name & Extension and change the name of the file to Install.esd.
- Open the new folder on your Desktop where you copied the contents of the Windows 11 ISO file.
- Go to the Sources folder and delete from it the Install.esd file.
- Move the Install.esd file that’s on your Desktop to the Sources folder.
- Download any file maker app from the Mac App Store and then use it to convert the new folder on your Desktop that contains the Windows 11 files into an ISO file.
Installing Windows 11 on Mac
- Open Finder > Applications > Utilities and start the Boot Camp Assistant utility.
- When the app opens, click on Continue and wait for it to load.
- Click on Choose, find the new ISO file for Windows 11 (the one you created with the file maker), select it, and click Next.
- Next, choose the partition sizes by dragging the dot and make sure that you give the Windows partition enough storage space (we remind you that at least 64GB of free space is required for the Windows 11 OS). We advise you to give the Windows 11 partition at least 100GB of free storage space. Naturally, you must make sure that you have that much free space on your Mac, to begin with.
- Now click on Install and wait for your Mac to restart.
- When the computer restarts, pick your preferred language, select a country, and keyboard input mode.
- On the next screen, when asked to type in a product key, click on the I don’t have a product key option to continue.
- Next, it is advisable to select the Windows 11 Home version, but you can opt for another one if you want.
- Click on Next, agree to the Terms and Conditions, and select Next again to launch the Installation.
- Patiently wait for the process to complete and when it does and your Mac restarts, you will be asked to log into your Microsoft account – if you don’t have one, skipthis step. In case you want to create a Microsoft account, you can do so from this page.
- After Windows loads, the Bootcamp driver installation wizard should appear on your monitor – follow the prompts in it to complete the installation of the drivers required to run Windows 11.
- Once the driver installation finishes, restart your Mac, and it should boot into Windows 11.
Switching between the different partitions
Lastly, we must tell you how to switch between the Windows 11 and the macOS petitions on your Mac.
How To Run Windows On Mac
- Shut down your Mac, press the Power button, and then immediately press and hold down the Option button.
- Wait until a screen shows up in which you can choose between the different partitions and use the arrow keys to switch to the one you want to use.
- Press Enter to boot your Mac into the chosen partition (and the OS that’s installed on it).